Section: PZ: main journal
SN 2008fv: the Third Type Ia Supernova in NGC 3147
Multiple outbursts of type Ia SNe in one galaxy present a unique opportunity to study the homogeneity of these objects. NGC 3147 is only the second known galaxy with three SNe Ia, another one is NGC 1316. We present CCD UBVRI photometry for SN Ia 2008fv and compare the light and color curves of this object to those for SNe Ia discovered in NGC 3147 earlier: 1972H and 1997bq. The photometric properties of SNe 1997bq and 2008fv are nearly identical, while SN 1972H exhibits a faster-declining light curve.
We present our discovery of a new dwarf nova USNO-B1.0 1257-0089884. The object showed superhumps, which establish that it is an UGSU variable star. All observations were acquired at the Astrotel-Caucasus Observatory.
CCD UBVRI photometry covering about 320 days is presented for the type IIb SN 2008ax. Its photometric behavior is typical of core-collapse SNe with low amount of hydrogen. The main photometric parameters are derived and a comparison with SNe of similar types is reported. Preliminary modeling is carried out, and the results are compared to the observed light curves. The main parameters of the hydrodynamical models are close to those used for SN IIb 1993J.
UBV Photometry of the Post-AGB Star IRAS 22272+5435=V354 Lac in 1990 - 2008
New UBV photometry obtained in 2000 - 2008 is presented for the
post-AGB star IRAS 22272+5435 = V354 Lac. The star showed
semi-regular light variations with varying amplitudes. The maximal
amplitude did not exceed: Delta V = 0.5, Delta B = 0.7,
and Delta U = 1.0. For 2000 - 2008, we have found a
photometric period near 128 days. The analysis of long-term
observations in 1990 - 2008 reveals variations with two close
periods: 128 and 131 days, causing amplitude modulation. The
V -(B-V) diagram shows a clear correlation: the star is
generally bluer when brighter. From our UBV data, we derive
E(B-V)=0.5 and conclude that the spectral type of the star
varies between K1 and K7 during pulsations. The mean UBV data for
V354 Lac have not changed during the past 19 years:
Recent multicolor photometry of N. Kurochkin's nova or novalike variable star LW Cas has been obtained using the SAO 1-m Zeiss reflector. The amplitude of the outburst in 1952 was 5 mag in the B band. In 2008, LW Cas consists of a central stellar object of 20 mag B surrounded by a halo of the same brightness and a 7" comet-like tail directed to the east. The star is associated with a young star-forming region and seen through a dark cloudy nebulosity. There is evidence of bright light echo seen two years after the outburst.
The New Double-Mode RR Lyrae Variable USNO-A2.0 1650-01540181
We present our discovery of a new double-mode RR Lyrae variable, USNO-A2.0 1650-01540181. The study is based on our original CCD observations, carried out at the Astrotel-Caucasus Observatory.
RS CVn Stars Among Variables with Possible CW Classification in the ASAS-3 Survey
We present a list of 109 probable RS CVn variables among stars in the ASAS-3 catalog with Population II Cepheid classification as the main one or an alternative one. These stars are identified with X-ray sources and have light curves (from ASAS-3 data) in no contradiction with the suggested RS CVn classification.
Photometric Investigation of Bright Type II-P Supernova 2004dj
CCD UBVRI photometry is presented for type II SN 2004dj for about 1200 days, starting on day 2 past discovery. The photometric behaviour is typical of SNe II-P, although some minor peculiarities are noticed. We compare the photometric data for the host cluster S96 before and after the SN 2004dj outburst and do not find any significant changes.
The Infrared Variations of Cyg X-1 (V1357 Cyg), 1995 - 2007
We present the results of our long-term (about 13 years) J and K photometry of the X-ray binary Cyg X-1. The object's JK variability amplitudes were less than 0.2 mag. The J and K orbital light curves are appreciably asymmetric in quadratures. The secondary minimum is deeper, in comparison to the primary, and it is probable that the star becomes hotter at secondary minima. The ratio of average radii of the supergiant in quadratures and in minima is about 1.02 if the temperature of the optical component does not change during its orbital motion. We estimate the interstellar extinction as E(B-V) = 1.025+/-0.006 and the distance to the star, as d = (2.44+/-0.04) kpc. The luminosity and radius of the optical component are respectively ~2.8 x 10^5 L(Sun) and 21 R(Sun). The JK variations of the X-ray binary Cyg X-1 in 1995 - 2007 can be explained with orbital ellipsoidal variations of the optical component (hot supergiant HD 226868), accompanied with long-term JK variations on a time scale of 11.5 years with an amplitude of 0.06-0.07 mag. In 1995 - 2007, the JK brightness fluctuations probably had a 294-day periodicity with an amplitude of no more than 0.03 - 0.05 mag.
SN 2005kd: Another Very Luminous, Slowly Declining Type IIn Supernova
CCD UBVRI photometry is presented for type IIn SN 2005kd. The maximum luminosity exceeded Mv=-19.8, and the SN remained brighter than -18m for about 400 days. While its overall photometric evolution is quite similar to SN 1997cy, SN 2005kd shows a plateau at phases between 119 and 311 days past explosion, which is a unique feature for SNe IIn.