ASTRONOMICAL YEARBOOK for 2015 (in Russian)
In the òÀÜAstronomical YearbookòÀÝ (AY) the ephemerides
of the Sun, Moon, major planets and stars computed with the
maximum precision in accordance with the resolutions approved
by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) are published.
The information is also given on various astronomical
phenomena lunar and solar eclipses, planetary configurations,
rises and sets of the Sun and Moon, etc.
The explanation, contained the examples, illustrates the possibility of the
calculation of various ephemerides to any particular time and for the
any observation place.
Since issue for 2004 the reform AY was carried out
connected to change of ephemerical basis AY
according to Recommendations XXIII-XXIV General assemblies (GA) IAU.
In the course several years full replacement of theories of movement
of major planets and the Moon, of the precession-nutation models,
of the star catalogue is stage by stage made.
The system of coordinates based on the new concept of
òÀÜthe non-rotating originòÀÝ is entered.
Separate stages of reform are described in forewords and explanations to
the Yearbooks on 2004-2008.
Preparation of the AE-2015 ephemerides is based on the following data:
- The fundamental ephemerides of the Sun, the Moon and major planets
are calculated on the theory EPM2004 developed at IAA RAS. This theory
present the movement of these objects with accuracy enough for
the theoretical and practical applications.
The differences between the theories EPM2004 and DE405/LE405 in common use
developed at the JPL (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, USA)
are less on the order than the accuracy of the data published in AY
for these bodies.
In accordance with the IAU2000 resolution the parameters of the nutation
in longitude and declination are calculated under the IAU2000_R06 nutation theory (Note of IERS Conventions Center, 16 June 2009).
The account of precession was carried out in the Lieske method of parameterization
with values of polynomial coefficients corresponding the new precession model P03 resulted in the report of Working group of IAU on precession and the ecliptic (2006).
Calculation the sidereal time is made with use òÀÜthe Siderial AngleòÀÝ
and new expression for the equation of equinoxes
accepted by òÀÜIERS Convention (2003)òÀÝ, and P03 precession theory.
The shift of average pole J2000.0 relative to the pole ICRS is taken into account
at calculation of elements of the precession-nutation matrix.
Calculing the stars ephemerides the fundamental catalog FK6 was used.
The ephemerides of the stars which
have not in this catalog are based on the catalog HIPPARCOS.
Both catalogues are in ICRS. Calculating the corrections
for orbital movement of double stars
òÀÜFourth catalog of orbits of visual binary starsòÀÝ WH-4 was used.
- The ephemeris data of the Yearbook are given
in the classical concept of equinox.
According to the recommendation XXIV GA IAU (resolution B1.7)
the data connected with the new Celestial Intermediate Reference System (CIRS),
and elements of a matrix of transition from ICRS to the celestial
intermediate origin CIO and true equator of date are given.
All ephemeris data are calculated by means of
the PS BOOKA edition package of a multi-purpose program complex the ERA
developed in IAA of RAS for the decision of problems of ephemeris astronomy.
In òÀÜThe Astronomical Yearbook for 2015òÀÝ the calculation of the
ephemeris data was carried out by following collaborators of the
laboratory of astronomical yearbooks:
- the sidereal time N.I. Glebova, M.L. Sveshnikov;
- the ephemerides of the geocentric coordinates of the Sun,
the geocentric and heliocentric coordinates of the major planets,
osculating elements of the planet orbits,
the ephemerides of the position and velocity of the Earth in the barycentric reference system,
the elements of the precession matrix and of the nutation matrix,
the terms by reductions,
the ephemerides for physical observations of the Moon,
the phases of the Moon, perigee and apogee N.I. Glebova;
- the ephemerides of the geocentric coordinates of the Moon,
and coefficients of the Tchebyshov polynomials N.I. Glebova, D.A. Pavlov;
- the seasons and precession values,
the planetary configurations N.I. Glebova;
- the data for the eclipses of the Sun and Moon M.V. Lukashova;
- the data for the occultations of planets by the Moon
- the ephemerides for physical observations of
the Sun, planets and Saturn's rings M.L. Sveshnikov;
- the times of rise and set of the Sun and Moon
- mean places of stars at J2000.0, the table of the corrections
for the orbital motion of stars M.L. Sveshnikov, N.I. Glebova;
- the mean places of stars on epoch of the year,
the apparent places of the tenday and circumpolar stars N.I. Glebova;
- the tables for altitudes and azimuths of Polaris and
the tables for latitude determinations from observations of Polaris
- Earth rotation angle, Equation of the Origins,
the CIP parameters,
matrix elements for conversion from ICRS to CIO and true equator of date
N.I. Glebova, M.L. Sveshnikov;
The data control was carried out by N.I. Glebova,
N.K. Omelyanchuk, and I.A. Lebedeva.
The explanation to the Yearbook
is processed by N.I. Glebova, and M.L. Sveshnikov.
The additional information on algorithms of calculation of ephemerides
published in AY is given in òÀÜThe Explanatory Supplement to òÀÜthe Astronomical
YearbookòÀÝ (òÀÜTransactions of IAA of RASòÀÝ, 2004, vol.10).
The examples in the Explanation were carried out
by N.I. Glebova, G.A. Kosmodamianskij, M.V. Lukashova and M.L. Sveshnikov.
The Explanation in the TEX was carried out by
N.I. Glebova, M.V. Lukashova, and N.K. Omelyanchuk.
Since 1995 the publication of the òÀÜAstronomical YearbookòÀÝ was carried out by means
of the softwares òÀÜSVITAòÀÝ and “PUBLISHER” (G.A. Netsvetaeva. PUBLISHER integrated environment for support astronomical yearbook issue, Communications of IAA of RAS. 2010. òÄÖ187).
The original-maket of òÀÜThe Astronomical Yearbook for 2015òÀÝ
was carry out by D.A. Ryzhkova.
Some ephemerides published in AY were
inserted in Internet:
- the seasons values, coefficients of the Tchebyshov polynomials
of the Moon ephemerides, the phases of the Moon,
the planetary configurations, the data for the eclipses of
the Sun and Moon (N.I.Glebova, G.A.Kosmodamiansky, M.V.Lukashova);
- the phenomena in system of Galilean satellites of Jupiter, the occultations of AY stars by the Moon for Russia (G.A.Kosmodamiansky,
- the list of the observatories coordinates as
appendix to AY (M.V.Lukashova, M.L.Sveshnikov)
are placed on a site.
WEB-master N.I. Alehina.
Director of the Institute of Applied Astronomy of RAS
Appendix: Coordinates of observatories
Appendix: Elongations of satellites of Mars
Appendix: Galilean satellites of Jupiter
Appendix: Major satellites of Saturn
Appendix: Elongations of 5 satellites of Uranus
Appendix: Ephemerides of 2 satellites of Neptune
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